Things to Know About Kidney Transplantation

Kidney Transplant

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs which fulfil an important function of removing excessive wastes and fluids from the body. In other words, they are the body’s filtering agents. If a kidney is unable to function properly, it results in accumulation of wastes in the blood. Kidney Transplant is a medical procedure in which the diseased or defective kidney is replaced by a healthy kidney taken from either a living or deceased donor. It is a treatment of last resort, performed in case of irreparable conditions and ailments such as chronic kidney failure.
As a suggestion, one of the mosr reliable hospitals to visit in this dire scenario would be S.L Raheja Hospital, which is well-known in both national and international circles for its high-quality, reliable and robust kidney transplantation in Mumbai.

Kidney Transplant
When a healthy kidney from a donor is transplanted on to the recipient’s body, the artery and vein from the donor kidney is connected to those of the recipient, and the ureter of the donor kidney is connected to the bladder of the recipient to enable the flow of urine. Kidney transplants have a high rate of success,
provided there is a match between the donor and the recipient. In order to be eligible to donate a kidney, the donor must be healthy with no major diseases, such as diabetes. The donor can be a blood relative or a complete stranger.

Symptoms And Conditions:
Kidney Transplantation is performed in the event of kidney failure, which occurs due to the following reasons:
Polycystic kidney disease: This is a genetic disorder in which many cysts develop within the kidneys, which results in enlargement of kidneys and loss of kidney function. This can also result in high blood pressure and kidney failure.
Glomerulonephritis: An inflammation of the glomeruli, which are structures in the kidney made up of many blood vessels.
Diabetes and high blood pressure: These two are often interconnected ailments, which in severe cases may result in kidney failure.
Defects in the urinary tract: These may result in urinary reflux which can damage the kidney and ureter over time, causing kidney failure.

Procedure of Kidney Transplantation:
The steps involved in kidney transplant are:
Step 1: Preliminary Tests:
Theseare performed to check for the compatibilityof blood and to detect the presence of harmful viruses
such as the HIV.
Step 2: Meeting with Transplant Team:
The transplant team briefs the patient regarding the feasibility, advantages, possible complications and risks. A transplant coordinator serves as the patient’s point of contact. A nephrologist performs the physical examination of the patient after the surgery and a deititian ensures the patient receives adequate nutrition before and after the transplant.
Step 3: Recovery After The Surgery
The recipient is given immunosuppressants to reduce the efficiency of his/her immune system in order to facilitate the acceptance of the new kidney. The immunosuppressants may have certain side-effects such as diabetes, cataracts, weight gain etc. The anti-rejection drugs may also increase the risk of skin cancer and cervical cancer. In case the new kidney doesn’t start functioning immediately, the patient is put on
dialysis for the interim time period.

Why S.L. Raheja?

S.L. Raheja (A Fortis Associate) has one of the most comprehensive organ transplant programmes in th country. It is equipped with cutting-edge facilities and qualified renal transplant specialists who are well- versed in the complete intricacies of this operation. As such, it happens to be one of the best Kidney hospital in Mumbai which has made a name for itself across many medical specialties.

At S.L. Raheja, we have an expert team consisting of specialists from multiple fields, including nephrologists, transplant surgeons, dietitians and others to ensure a seamless execution of the transplant and also to provide multi-disciplinary expertise levels required to meet the challenges of this life-saving surgical procedure. S.L Raheja offers advanced diagnostics and complete pre-operative and post- operative care, and dialysis support to maximize the chances of success.

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Health Benefits of Ramadan Fasting

fasting benefits

The holy month of Ramadan has just ended, and with it, the daily fasts of millions of people around the world. What many of us may not realize is the immense benefits of fasting that involves restricitng the intake of food for a major part of the day.

Let us have a look at what we stand to gain through regular, intermittent fasting and why it is a good idea.

What happens if you fast?
Before we enumerate the advantages of and guidelines to be followed while fasting, let us know what our body undergoes when we fast.

When we abstain from food for extended periods of time, our body meets its energy expenditure from the glucose stored in the liver and the muscles, followed by our fat reserves, about 8 hours after we consume the last meal. Also, during this process, our body also gets rid of any toxins that may be present in our muscles and other parts of the body by burning them for energy.

Benefits of fasting:
Promotes satiety: In our body, the feeling of fullness or satiety which we obtain after eating a meal, is controlled by a hormone known as Leptin. When we lose weight as a consequence of fasting, our body’s resistance to this hormone decreases. Therefore, we start feeling full and satiated faster, which prevents us from overeating.
Reduces resistance to insulin: Studies have shown that intermittent and regular fasting increases our body’s sensitivity to insulin. This allows glucose to be transported more efficiently to our blood stream, and prevents spikes and crashes in our sugar levels.
• Detoxification: Due to the absence of food in the body, it resorts to burning fat deposits, which removes chemicals, resulting in cleansing and correction of imbalances in the body.
• Improves recycling of cells in the body: Along with burning of fatty reserves which eradicate harmful chemicals, during fasting, our body also targets malfunctioning cells and old tissues as a
source of energy, thereby destroying them. Therefore, fasting can restrict the growth and spread of such rogue cells and reduce the risk of progressive disease.
Speeds up healing process: Since there is little or no digestion process going on, the body can focus on other vital tasks such as metabolism and immunity, which directly enhances the process
of healing.

Fasting is no doubt healthy, but it is recommended that you seek a qualified medical opinion before -embarking on any kind of fasting.

OSTEOPOROSIS: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW

Together with the muscles, strong bones are essential for enabling free movement of the body, besides providing its shape and structure. Osteoporosis is one of the most common problems in which the bone density deteriorates, resulting in porous, fragile bones which are compressible. Therefore, it puts a
person at a greater risk of fractures, especially in the hips, spine, wrists and ribs.

Causes and Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

Some factors which aggravate the risk of developing osteoporosis are:

  • Reduced sex hormones, specifically estrogen in women and androgen in men.
  • As age increases, so does the risk of osteoporosis
  • Genetic factors, family history and other inherited conditions such as Marfan syndrome
  • Tobacco and alcohol weakens the structural integrity of the bones.
  • Lack of nutrients such as calcium, magnesium and Vitamin D also plays a Lack of exercise and being immobile for extended periods of time.
  • Hyperparathyroidism, where there is excess production of parathyroid hormone, causing too much calcium to be removed from the bones, thereby weakening them.
  • Long term use of medications such as anti-seizure medicines, oral corticosteroids ( heparin, prednisone etc.)
  • Women, whites and Asians are more prone to this condition, compared to males and other ethnic groups.

Osteoporosis Symptoms

  • Bone loss develops slowly and the symptoms don’t usually manifest themselves, that is until he/she experiences a fracture due to an unrelated incident such as a fall or sometimes even a cough or sneeze.
  • Back pain caused due to changes in the vertebrae is often the first sign.
  • Pain in the bones or muscles at a particular location, especially lower back or the neck.
  • Sudden onset of sharp pains that does not spread to other areas which lingers for a few months.
  • A slopping or stooped posture resulting in a loss of height due to spinal fracture
  • Fractures at hips or wrists due to a fall can sometimes reveal this condition.

Osteoporosis Treatment
The treatment for osteoporosis focuses on slowing down or preventing the development of this disease and aims to maintain a healthy bone mass and bone mineral density. It involves treating and preventing fractures, minimizing the pain and maximizing the person’s ability to carry on his/her daily activities. The treatment measures include:

  • Osteoporosis Medications or Drugs : Biphosphonates are antiresorptive drugs that slow down bone mass, although they may also increase the risk of jaw bone destruction or cause gastrointestinal problems such as ulcers in the esophagus and acid reflux.
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERMs): Estrogen antagonists like Raloxifene can reduce the risk of spine fractures in post-menopausal women. It is used less than other medications due to concerns about the risk of cancer, blood clots, stroke and heart disease.
  • Diet: A balanced and nutritious diet with sufficient intake of calcium and vitamin D helps increase bone mass. Include adequate amounts of green leafy vegetables and fish such as salmon or tuna.
  • Lifestyle changes: These include quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption and exercising regularly. All these measures can help in preventing as well as treating osteoporosis.

Types of Lung Diseases and Their Causes

Nowadays, thanks to the ever-increasing air pollution in our cities, we are witnessing a commensurate increase in the frequency of lung conditions and diseases. Exposure to environmental pollutants is one of the major causes of lung ailments, followed by genetic factors.

The different types of lung diseases and their causes are:

Asthma
It is a long-term chronic disease that results in narrowing of the airways and makes it difficult to breathe. Due to this, the person’s airways arr very sensitive to certain substances, which if inhaled, can result in increased swelling and production of mucus, which causes further inflammation. The onset of this condition is usually during childhood and it continues through the adult years, although late onset has also been observed.

Asthma is usually triggered by:
• tobacco
• allergies to substances like pollen
• weather
• medications
• exercise
• exposure to air pollution
• infections

Pneumonia
This is a lung disease characterized by an infection in the lungs, which may be bacterial, viral or fungal in nature and causes lung inflammation. Some of the common symptoms are shivering chills, shortness of breath, cough and fever. The air sacs in the lungs are filled with fluid or pus and the effects can be
particularly severe in infants, old people and those with a weak immunity.

Pneumonia is caused by:
• pneumococcal infection due to a bacteria called “streptococcus pneumonia”
• Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), inflenza A or B
• inhaling vomit, chemicals, smoke etc.
• Exposure to breathing machines or ventilators at hospitals while being treated for other conditions.

Chronic Broncitis
This is a lung disease in which the patient experiences chronic coughing, at times accompanied by sputum. This occurs due to an increased productio of mucus in the airways. It can be caused by virus, bacteria or other particles that irritate the bronchial tubes. Some of the common causes of bronchitis are:
• virus that causes cold and flu
• air pollution
• exposure to dust, fumes, vapors, tobacco smoke etc.

Emphysema
It is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in which the air sacs in the lungs are irreversibly damaged. Tthe most common cause is smoking and this leads to the person requiring extra oxygen to meet the breathing requirements of the person.

The risk factors for emphysema are:
• smoke from cigarettes, indoor cooking erc.
• Inhaling chemicals such as coal, cadmium and others
• dust
• other respiratory disorders

As seen from the brief description, the most common causes of lung diseases are smoke due to tobacco inhalation and other dust particles, allergens and chemicals. The usual treatment methods are
• devices like inahlers and bronchodialators that help open up the airways
• delivering prescribed levels of oxygen through a mask, known as oxygen therapy
• medications like corticosteroids to reduce inflmmation
• lung transplant, which is opted for during the end stages of lung disease.

What Triggers Breast Cancer Cells?

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is a very common variety of cancer affecting millions of women worldwide. This is a condition wherein the tumor in the breast multiplies rapidly in an uncontrolled fashion and affects the healthy breast tissues and the lymph nodes. In order to prevent this growth and progression of the disease,
timely diagnosis and detection is vital.

What are the causes for Breast Cancer in Female?
Some of the common risk factors thar one should be aware of, in order to detect this disease in its earlier stages and check its subsequent growth are:
• Age: It is directly proportional to risk of getting affected by this disease.
Family history: If a close relative, such as mother, sister, daughter etc has this condition, it is a
red flag and one should take extra care and precautions.
• Alcoholism: Frequent consumption of alcoholic drinks and in large quantities
• Periods and Childbirth: Women who’ve had their first periods before the age of 12 and those who
have their first child after the age of 35 too are at a greater danger.
Exposure to radiation and medicines: If you’ve been exposed to chest radiation before, or are in the habit of consuming postmenopausal estrogen and progesterone medicines, then you need to get yourself checked regularly for this disease.

How can i Check myself for Breast Cancer ?

Lump or swelling in the breast or armpit region, which needn’t necessarily be visible, but can be felt. It may or may not be painful.
• Any changes in the texture of the skin due to inflammation in the skin cells. These can include scaly skin, thickening of the skin in any part of the breast, or dimpling of the skin, which can occur due to accumulation of lymph fluid caused due to cancer cells.
Abnormal discharge from the nipple, which may be thick or thin and can be of different colors are a tell-tale sign of this condition.
• The changes in the skin cells can lead to pain, tenderness and discomfort in the breast which can be a major sign of breast cancer.
Changes in the nipple, i.e. inverting or retraction which can alter the appearance is a warning sign to visit an oncologist immediately.
Discoloration of the skin, including redness or rash around the nipple is a also a common symptom.


What is the most common treatment for Breast Cancer ?
Breast cancer can be treated by different means such as surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy. The key aspect which needs to be emphasized is early detection and acccurate diagnosis through regular check-ups, especially in your thirties.

Healthy Habits for a Healthy Life

Healthy Habbits leads to healthy life

The greatest wealth is health, goes the famous adage. It is, by no means, an overstatement. A healthy lifestyle is one of the most important assets of a person, although it is also the most neglected.

Fortunately, there are some simple healthy lifestyle guidelines that you can follow to transform your physical and mental well-being and become fit:

  1. Diet
    This is the first and one of the most important healthy lifestyle tips to consider, in order to lead a healthy, happy life. Our body needs a balanced amount of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and even fat, to function at its optimal level. Fruits and vegetables are a powerhouse of essential vitamins, while unpolished rice, wheat, millets and pulses
    provide us with energy and help build up our body. It is important to consume unsaturated fatty acids for the required fat content, such as those present in cod liver oil or omega-3 fatty acids, and avoid saturated fats found in processed foods.
  2. A well-balanced meal plan
    Skipping meals is a bad idea and does more harm than good, although occasional fasting for a day is proven to be beneficial. Many people skip meals under the false
    impression that it will help in weight loss and slimming down. Nothing could be further from the truth. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and should therefore be packed with nutrition to power us through the entire day.
  3. Stop late night snacking
    Most of us have at some point in our lives indulged in late-night snacking, for different reasons such as night-outs, hunger or even sheer boredom. Typically, such snacks
    consist of processed, sugary, oily foods such as chips, biscuits, cookies, chocolates etc. What many of us don’t realize is that these are just empty calories which go into
    expanding our waistline and wrecking our dental hygiene, and have no beneficial effects.
  4. Exercise
    Studies have shown that regular exercising help keep many physical and mental ailments such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, depression etc. at bay. Just as how regular oiling and maintenance keeps a machine running smoothly, similarly exercise helps in maintaining flexibility and improving stamina and strength. Exercising is a healthy lifestyle habit inked to a better physical and mental performance in day-to-day activities of a person.
  5. Get your beauty sleep
    This may not seem very obvious, but good sleep in linked to a good health. Our body needs sufficient sleep in order to rest and repair itself after the regular wear and tear it
    undergoes in the course of a day’s activities. Besides boosting our capacity for physical and mental work, it also helps enhance our body’s defence mechanisms and ability to handle stress.
  6. Consuming the right type and quantity of drinks
    Water is the best drink a person can have. Plain water can cleanse our body from within by flushing out the toxins and other harmful by-products of cellular processes of our
    body. It also aids in digestion and helps keep our skin clear. Besides water, one can also consume fruits and vegetables rich in water, such as watermelons.
  7. Meditation and Socialising
    Meditation helps calm our mind and provides us with a measure of harmony. It helps regulate our breathing patterns and soothes our frayed nerves. While socialising and interaction with our family and friends helps us reconnect with each other on an emotional level and improves our psychological well-being.

How to Keep Your Bones Strong & Healthy

As we get older, one of the aspects in our lives where ageing takes its toll is our bones. This mustn’t come as any surprise, given that osteoporosis is a very real danger for women right from the time they become middle-aged. The weakening of bones increases the risk of fracture, and the fact that the healing takes longer as age increases, compounds the matter.

But the good news is that it is easy to ensure our skeletal strength, so far as we incorporate some steps in our lives.

  • Load up on calcium and Vitamin D: This is obviously the most fundamental step as calcium is the primary block of our bones. To hit our target of the recommended daily allowance of this important mineral, we need to consume calcium-rich foods such as milk, yoghurt, green leafy vegetables, beans, nuts and fruits like oranges. Vitamin D is also important as it promotes the absorption of calcium in the body. Foods like salmon, sardines, egg yolks are great sources of this vitamin, so make sure you take in these two nutrients as a pair.
  • Strength Training: Lifting weights loads stronger forces on the bones than what one would normally encounter in the daily routine such as walking. Impact aerobics, push-ups and yoga are some of the choices. This can also fortify the joints, thus minimizing the risk of joint pain.
  • Watch those scales: It is an obvious fact that excessive weight can strain the bones and weaken them over time. But, what many may not know is that being underweight is also harmful, as it increases the risk of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Low body weight can lead to reduced bone density as well.
  • Limit your coffee intake: Now, we are not saying that you should sacrifice your moning cuppa, but do ensure that you consume not more than 2-3 cups of coffee in one day. Caffeine inhibits calcium absorption.
  • Limit alcohol and stop smoking: Alcohol and tobacco are known to contribute to bone loss. Furthermore, heavy cola consumption has been linked to lower bone density. Instead, opt for milk or fortified orange juice.

Following these measures can go a long way in maintaining the bone strength even as you age. However, in case of any unforeseen complication, seeking immediate medical care is the need of the hour.

S.L. Raheja (A Fortis Associate) is one of the most well-known orthopaedic hospitals in Mumbai, and has the required infrastructure in terms of technology as well as skilled and experienced doctors to treat all orthopedic complications.

10 Things You Can Do For A Healthy Heart

Our heart is indeed a muscular wonder that plays an irreplaceable and invaluable role in our life and existence. Unfortunately, there has been a massive spurt in the increase of heart ailments amongst a large portion of our population. While previously cardiac ailments were common among the elderly people, it is worrying to see even the younger segment of the population falling prey to such ailments.

S.L Raheja (A Fortis Associate) is one of the top heart care hospitals in Mumbai that offers specialised care for all kinds of heart ailments. But, at the same time, it is very important for us to do what it takes to keep for a healthy heart

Some simple changes that we can incorporate in our daily lives to improve our heart health are:

  • Eat healthy, stay healthy – This is the most elementary step for building a healthy heart. Eating the right quantity and quality of food which includes all the essential nutrients (yes, even fats!) in the right proportion is of utmost importance. Skip the visually appealing, processed foods containing trans fats and opt for a healthier diet rich in fruits, coarse grains, nuts and vegetables. Remember, go nuts and go fish! (pun intended)
  • Get Moving – This is a no-brainer, really. Yet, despite the well-publicised benefits of regular exercise, it is often neglected. Gruelling lifestyle with a hectic work schedule is usually cited as a reason for giving exercise a go-by. But, devoting some amount of time for exercise every day can go a long way in keeping your heart young and healthy.
  • Dental Hygiene – It may sound surprising at first, but good oral health reflects on the state of the heart. Studies
    have shown that gum disease and heart disease share common risk factors, as bacteria involved in the development of gum disease can enter the blood stream and cause inflammation of blood vessels, which in turn increases the risk of a heart attack. So, make sure to brush and floss your teeth twice a day for a minty fresh breath and a healthy heart.
  • Get your beauty sleep – Yes, you heard it right! Our body needs adequate rest in order to repair and rejuvenate itself, and sleep is one of the best ways to do it. About 7-8 hours of sleep on an average can help in optimal cardiac health.
  • Smoking kills – We are not referring only to active smokers; even those who do not actually smoke, but hang around those who do, are equally at risk, as they tend to inhale the second-hand smoke and hence become passive smokers. This can result in diseases like lung cancer and inflammation, which are welcome signs for a stroke.
  • Watch your weight – Being overweight is as bad for your heart as it is for your appearance. Lunging around the extra
    fat, especially around the abdomen and limbs, can put your heart under enormous pressure, making it susceptible for heart attacks. So, its important to lose the extra kilos and do our heart a favor.
  • Manage your stress levels – The modern day hectic lifestyle has certainly not helped matters by contributing to a major extent to the incidences and increase in stress levels in a large segment of the population. Use techniques like yoga and exercise to lessen the stress on your heart.
  • One drink too many – While the occasional chugging down pint of alcohol may not have much of an effect, getting
    regularly tipsy and drunk can wear your heart, and your friends, down! Keep a strict check on the number of glasses you empty all the time, and your heart will thank you for it.
  • Control your salt intake – Eating canned, packaged or processed foods frequently can make your blood pressure levels shoot up and dramatically increase your risk of heart diseases. Switch over to homemade meals which contain less amounts of sodium and, as a complementary measure, increase your intake of potassium-rich foods, such as bananas.
  • Emotional well-being and productivity – Emotional well-being is just as important for the heart as the other measures which you may take. Following an occupation and indulging in a hobby which interests you and that you like doing can go a long way in enhancing your emotional health, and also increase your productivity.

In case of any complications, it is advisable to visit a state-of-the-art cardiac hospital such as S.L Raheja Hospital (A Fortis Associate) as an early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the chances of recovery.

S.L Raheja: The Epitome Of Excellence In Cancer Care

Why S.L Raheja?
S.L Raheja (A Fortis Associate) is the best cancer hospital in Mumbai which practices the latest cancer treatment methods and provides an integrated, evidence-based care keeping in mind the welfare of the patient.

S.L Raheja Hospitals (A Fortis Associate) is staffed with some of the best oncologists in Mumbai with considerable experience as well as expertise in their areas of specialization.

Our expert team of leading oncologists are proficient in the use of the state-of-the-art Laparoscopy Oncology Theatre supported with the latest Robotic technology, which together help us realize our aim of delivering a flawless cancer treatment and restoring the best quality of life for our patients.

 JCI and NABH certified hospital
 Round-the-clock, best-in-class services
 International patient services

Types of Cancers treated at S.L Raheja ( A Fortis Associate):
 Breast Cancer
 Lung Cancer
 Bladder Cancer
 Blood Cancer
 Cervical Cancer
 Prostate Cancer
 Testicular Cancer
 Colon Cancer
 Thyroid Cancer
 Ovarian Cancer

Exclusive oncology services at S.L Raheja (A Fortis Associate):

  • Integrative Oncology: Integrative oncology techniques such as nutrition, exercise, stress management and targeted supplements enhance conventional treatment strategies and help reduce inflammation and boost immunity. It involves taking a more holistic, long-term approach to the disease and paying closer attention to the overall health of patient suffering from cancer.
  • Preventive Oncology: More than 30% of cancer deaths can be prevented by avoiding certain risk factors like tobacco use, obesity, unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, alcoholism, pollution etc Prevention of cancer can take place on different levels; primary prevention addresses the root cause to prevent the occurrence of the disease, secondary prevention involves identifying the disease before the onset of symptoms for better treatment and tertiary prevention reduces the complications and slows down the progression of the disease.
  • Medical Oncology: It is a form of treatment in cancer care which uses Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, Targeted Therapy and Hormonal Therapy to treat cancer effectively with the help of a team of qualified oncologists and well-trained cancer specialists.
  • Post-operative care: Being one of the best cancer hospitals in Mumbai, S.L Raheja helps cancer survivors to reclaim their life after their ordeal. This is designed to address the issues pertaining to the needs of the patients after cancer treatment. It focuses on helping the cancer survivors optimize their health and wellness.
  • Nuclear Medicine: It involves using minute quantities of radioactive materials, known as tracers, to diagnose and treat a wide variety of disorders. Fortis is equipped with state-of-the-art scanning equipment and a variety of nuclear medicine investigations such as radioisotope bone scan, thyroid scan and iodine-131 scans are available in the hospital.
  • Radiation Oncology: Radiation therapy uses high-energy, controlled radiation to treat cancer or to reduce the pain and other symptoms. S.L Raheja Hospital uses cutting edge equipment that can target radiation beam directly and solely on the cancer cells, whilst leaving the surrounding healthy cells untouched.
  • Breast Cancer: Our hospital practices a highly specialized treatment of breast cancer in its various stages with the help of our top breast oncologists in Mumbai.
  • Head & Neck Oncology: We have the best oncologists and cancer specialists in the country who treat this cancer using a combination of treatments with a high success rate.
  • Bone Marrow Transplant: It introduces healthy donor stem cells to replace the damaged blood cells and promote the growth of new bone marrow tissues.
  • Hemato Oncology: Some of the best blood cancer specialists in India and our excellent team of hematologists and oncologists work in synchrony to treat blood disorders and blood related cancers.
  • Minimal Invasive Oncology Surgeries: The team of dedicated oncologists, pain and palliative care specialists, physiotherapists etc. are especially skilled in advanced techniques such as laparoscopic and robotic surgery and are adept at detecting and treating the most challenging cancerous tumors.
  • Head & Neck Oncology: We have the best oncologists and cancer specialists in the country who treat this cancer using a combination of treatments with a high success rate.
  • Bone Marrow Transplant: It introduces healthy donor stem cells to replace the damaged blood cells and promote the growth of new bone marrow tissues.
  • Hemato Oncology: Some of the best blood cancer specialists in India and our excellent team of hematologists and oncologists work in synchrony to treat blood disorders and blood related cancers.
  • Minimal Invasive Oncology Surgeries: The team of dedicated oncologists, pain and palliative care specialists, physiotherapists etc. are especially skilled in advanced techniques such as laparoscopic and robotic surgery and are adept at detecting and treating the most challenging cancerous tumors.

Learn to Live Healthy with Diabetes

Diabetes has now acquired epidemic proportions in the world. Known in medical parlance as Diabetes mellitus , this is a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels, caused either due to insufficient production of sugar controlling hormones or unresponsiveness of the cells to the sugar controlling hormones, or both.

There are three types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: In this type of diabetes, the pancreas is unable to synthesize a key blood-sugar controlling hormone. When you consume food, it is roken down into glucose in the small intestine and absorbed into the bloodstream. In normal circumstances, the pancreatic beta cells detect the rise in blood sugar levels and works to reduce the glucose levels. In type 1 diabetes, however, the beta cells do not produce sugar controlling hormones, which results in high blood glucose levels. Moreover, the white blood cells (WBCs) secrete auto antibodies which destroy the beta cells of the pancreas.
Type 2 Diabetes: The pancreas fails to produce enough sugar controlling hormones for proper functioning of the body, or the cells resist the effects of the hormone, or both. This results in a condition known as Hyperglycemia, which is the increase in glucose levels in the blood.
Gestational Diabetes: A temporary condition affecting women during pregnancy.

S.L. Raheja (A Fortis Associate) is a reputed diabetes hospital in Mumbai and its specialists employ the latest diagnostic and treatment techniques for effectivel managing and treating this condition. It is always advantageous to be aware of some of the common tell-tale signs of diabetes so we can seek appropriate care as early as possible to maximize the chances of recovery.

Symptoms of Diabetes:
• Polyphagia (Excessive hunger)
• Polyurea (Frequent urination)
• Polydipsia (Excessive thirst)
• Unexplained weight loss
• Extreme fatigue
• Blurry vision
• Urinary tract infections in women
• Dry, itchy skin

Cause
• Type 1 Diabetes:
It is an autoimmune disorder, that is, the immune system attacks and kills the cells in the pancreas which produce hormones to control the blood sugar levels due to a combination of genetic predisposition and other unidentified environmental factors.
• Type 2 Diabetes: This is mainly caused due to the resistance of the cells to sugar controlling hormones. Because of this, the glucose cannot be moved from the blood into the cells. Gradually, as sugar builds up in the blood, it poisons the pancreas, making it more difficult to keep the blood glucose levels under control.
There are certain other risk factors which puts a person at an increased risk of developing diabetes:
• Overweight/ Obesity
• Family member affected by diabetes and/or high blood pressure
• Age
• Sedentary lifestyle
• History of gestational diabetes
• History of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
• Having high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels less than 50mg/dL

Lifestyle Tips:

After a person has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, he/she can follow some lifestyle changes to induce weight loss and promote overall health and well-being:
Avoiding high-sugar and high-calorie foods such as sodas, fried foods and desserts
➢ Following a healthy and nutritious diet plan rich in whole grains, proteins, fruits and vegetables and healthy fat.
➢ Limiting or completely stopping the intake of alcohol
➢ Indulging in regular physical activity for at least half an hour a day for 5 days a week. This can include walking, swimming, aerobics or even riding a bicycle.

Treatment:
S.L Raheja (A Fortis Associate)
is equipped with some of the best diabetologists in Mumbai as well as state-of-the-art technology required to weed out such complex cases and provide relief to the patients through treatment.

The treatment plan for diabetes depends on the type of the condition:
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is treated by injecting sugar controlling hormes into the fatty tissue through the skin by the means of a syringe, pre-filled cartridges, pumps or jet injectors.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Treatment for type 2 diabetes consists of the following measures:
• Regular blood glucose monitoring
• Medications
• Regular exercise
• Healthy eating
Diabetic Foot
This is a disease which, as the name suggests, describes problems or injuries in the foot occurring due to
damage of the nerves in the extremities due to prolonged periods of severe diabetes. This nerve damage
causes loss of sensation in the feet and the hands. As a result, the person is incapable of feeling any
wound or irritation in the feet, which can result in untreated infections. If unchecked, it may also result in
gangrene, requiring an amputation.
Another effect is the impairment of sweating, causing cracks in the dry feet. These cracks act as inlet to
the germs.
Some of the common signs of diabetic foot are sharp pain and cramps, numbness, muscle weakness, deformity and/or discoloration of the skin etc. It is important to be aware of sugar intake and also any symptoms which may indicate the onset of complications. And, most importantly, this can help a person seek medical help soon. S.L. Raheja offers a comprehensive and superlative diabetes foot treatment in Mumbai and is a good choice of hospital.

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